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Reise nach Australien? Vergessen Sie nicht Ihr Visum ETA (eVisitor)

Das Flugticket für eine unvergessliche Reise nach Australien ist endlich in Ihren Händen!

Reise nach Australien
Es ist eine Reise, die man nicht in Eile organisieren kann, es kann keine Flucht für ein paar Tage sein. Es ist ein Gedankte, geplante Reisen, meditiert und in jedem Detail organisiert. Vielleicht ist es eine Hochzeitsreise oder ein wichtiges Jubiläum.

Welcher der Grund, wissen wir, dass oft die kleinen Details sind die entkommen.

Ich kenne eine Menge Leute die bevor der Abreise tausendmal die gleichen Dinge überprüft haben und dann vergessen sie das wichtigste.Wenn Sie erfahrene Reisende  und nicht ängstlich sind, sind diese Angaben nicht für Sie, aber wenn Sie Anfänger Reisende sind, angesichts der wirtschaftlichen Bedeutung einer solchen Reise, haben Sie mehr Angst, mein Beitrag ist richtig für Sie.

Haben Sie an  Ihr Visum für Australien gedacht?

ETA Visum für Australien:  Nützliche Infos
Ob Sie nach Australien wegen Tourismus oder Business reisen, müssen Sie ein Visum für Australie erhalten. Wie? Das Visum kann von den offiziellen Kanäle erhalten werden, oder einfach und schnell durch Agenturen, die für den Erhalt eines Visums wertvolle Unterstützung anbieten.

Warum ihre Dienste wählen? Einfach,um sicher zu sein.

Das Visum für Australien kann für Tourismus  oder Business sein,  aber  Aufmerksamkeit auf die Unterschiede.

Das Business-Visum für Australien erlaubt nicht, im Dienst eines Unternehmens zu arbeiten oder Dienstleistungen an die Öffentlichkeit zu verkaufen.

 

Die richtige Definition ist eVisitor Unterklasse 651, die als ETA für Australien bekannt ist (nicht mit der für Kanada zu verwechseln, die denselben Namen hat).

 

Einer der interessantesten Dienste die Sie in ihrService enthalten, sind: neben Hilfestellung , die Korrektur von fehlerhaften Daten, die Benachrichtungen der Fortschritte des Dossiers  und im PDF sendung, meiner Meinung nach, ist, der volle Rückerstattung, falls das ETA für Australien abgelehnt wird.

 

Das Visum dauert bis zu 90 Tagen und ist für jedes Familienmitglied benötigt

Was in Australien zu sehen gibt


Jetzt sind wir bereit, unsere Reise zu organisieren. Dinge zu sehen sind endlos und auch wenn die Reise, die Sie planen wollen lang ist,  versichere ich Ihnen, dass es nicht genügend ist

                                                     

Sidney
Sidney wird Sie mit seiner Lebendigkeit erstaunen.

Eine schöne Hafen-Tour und die Majestät der Oper  vom Meer und von der Brücke gesehen.

Sidney Harbour

Kängurus und Koalas Reisepartner in Australien


Die unberührte Natur, grosse Erweiterungen, die Wüste, die Tiere werden Sie beeindrucken. Sie wissen, dass Australien nicht nur Kängurus ist.

kangaroo-australien

Können Sie vielleicht verpassen ein schönes Koala zu fotografieren?

koala-australien

Die schönsten Ocean Road der Welt
Die Ocean Road
ist sehr berühmt und wird überall als eine der schönsten Ozeans Strassen der Welt  bekannt. Glauben Sie uns nicht? Schauen Sie sich diese Bilder an!

Tiere und unberührte Natur in Australien
Dann gibt es die Wüsten mit ihren Felsformationen , natürlicheSechseckte Strukturen mit den Dichtungen in der Sonne aalen. In den langen und unberührten Stränden, meist menschenleer , können Sie Sonnenbaden, Schwimmen und Surfen.

beach-australien

An jeder Ecke finden Sie einen bunten Papagei, einenTasmanischen Teufel, ein Lavendelfeld , oder viele freieKängurus für einzigartige Aufnahmen, die Sie verzückt für den Rest des Lebens anschauen werden.

Australische Korallenriff
Wir verliessen am letzte eine der grösste Attraktion

 

Sie wissen sehr gut, dass dasaustralische Korallenriff das grösste der Welt ist.

 

Ob Sie Liebhaber von Schnorcheln oder Tauchen sind, können Sie einzigartigen Meeresboden mit seinen wunderschönen Farben bewundern.

 

Sie wissen, wie wir die Meeresboden, die Farben und die Tiere lieben, ... ob sievon  die Maldiven oder Florida mit dem Christus des Abgrunds sind, müssen wir tauchen!

Sie wissen, wie wir die Meeresboden, die Farben und die Tiere lieben, ... ob sievon  die Maldiven oder Florida mit dem Christus des Abgrunds sind, müssen wir tauchen!

Also müssen wir nun diesen Beitrag auf die wunderbare Reise nach Australien beenden, die Sie mit einem Sprung mit diesen schönen Delphinen erwartet! Geniessen Sie Ihre Reise!

Platzierung für Ihr ETA Visum für Australien

Ann Sonn Marketing visa-Service

Hyams Beach der weisseste australischen Strand der Welt

Falls Sie nach Australien reisen und eine Abenteuer suchen, müssen unbedingt Hyams Beach sehen, der weisseste Strand der Welt. Eine himmlische Weite mit weichen und weissen fast fluoreszierenden Sand die ein blauer und tranparenter Meer begrenzt. Hyams Beach befindet sich bei Jervis Bay, im australischen Bundesstaat New South Wales, etwa 180 Km von Sidney, von dem Jervis Bay Marine Park, den Booderee Nationalpark, ausgedehnte Wälder und felsige Pfade ideal für Sport im Freien wie Klettern und Trekking, umgeben.

Der beste Weg, um diesen Strand zu geniessen, ist durch den White Sand Walk- Weg, mit kleine Schluchten und Bäche, hier können Sie wanderen und schwimmen, Delfine im Meer und Kängurus auf der Erde sehen.In diesen kristallklaren Wasser können Sie tauchen, eine einzigartige Unterwasserwelt bewundern und wenn Sie Glück haben die Blauwale sehen.In diesen Gewässern zu schwimmen hat man das Gefühl zu fliegen und in der Luft zu schweben. Worauf warten Sie? Es gibtkeinenvergleichbarer Strand auf der Welt.

Falls Sie an diesen Strand denken, beginnen Sie die Reise zu organisieren. Der erste Schritt ist ein Jahres Tourismus Visum für Australien anzufordern,dies gibt die Möglichkeit in Australien jedesmal drei Monate zu bleiben. Sie können das Australien ETA Visum online, einfach und schnell, anfragen.

Discover Australia

Australia in Brief

Summary

Australia is a stable, democratic and culturally diverse nation with a highly skilled workforce and one of the strongest performing economies in the world.
With spectacular landscapes and a rich ancient culture, Australia is a land like no other. It is the earth's sixth-largest country in land area and is the only nation to govern an entire continent.
Australia in Brief provides an authoritative overview of Australia's history, the land, its people and their way of life. It also looks at Australia's economic, scientific and cultural achievements and its foreign, trade and defence policies.

Download PDF


The booklet should be attributed as Australia in Brief, Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
ISBN: 978-1-74322-161-7 - ISSN: 0815-9939 - 15 October 2014

Understand Australia

Despite its relatively small population, Australia punches well above its weight in many areas, and is a significant player in a range of world economic and political spheres.

 

Geography

 
Red kangaroos in the Northern Territory

Australia is both the world's smallest continent and the sixth largest country with a land area of 7,682,300 square kilometres (2,966,152 square miles). It is comparable in size to the 48 contiguous United States although it has less than one tenth the population, with the distances between cities and towns easy to underestimate. Australia is bordered to the west by the Indian Ocean, and to the east by the South Pacific Ocean. The Tasman Sea lies to the southeast, separating it from New Zealand, while the Coral Sea lies to the northeast. Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Indonesia are Australia's northern neighbours, separated from Australia by the Arafura Sea and the Timor Sea.

Australia is highly urbanised with most of the population heavily concentrated along the eastern and south-eastern coasts. Most of the inland areas of the country are semi-arid. The most-populous states are Victoria and New South Wales, but by far the largest in land area is Western Australia.

Australia has large areas that have been deforested for agricultural purposes, but many native forest areas survive in extensive national parks and other undeveloped areas. Long-term Australian concerns include salinity, pollution, loss of biodiversity, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.

Climate

As a large continent a wide variation of climates are found across Australia. Most of the country receives more than 3,000 hours of sunshine a year. Generally, the north is hot and tropical, while the south tends to sub-tropical and temperate. Most rainfall is around the coast, and much of the centre is arid and semi-arid. The daytime maximum temperatures in the tropical city of Darwin rarely drop below 30°C (86°F), even in winter, while night temperatures in winter usually hover around 15-20°C (59-68°F). Australian winters tend to be milder than those at similar latitudes in the northern hemisphere, and snow never falls in most parts of the country. Temperatures in high altitude areas of some southern regions can drop below freezing in winter (and sometimes even in the summer) and the Snowy Mountains in the South East experiences metres of winter snow. Parts of Tasmania have a temperature range very similar to England, and it is not unheard of for snow to fall in the summer in some mountainous regions of the state.

As Australia is in the southern hemisphere the winter is June–August while December–February is summer. The winter is the dry season in the tropics, and the summer is the wet. In the southern parts of the country, the seasonal temperature variation is greater. The rainfall is more evenly distributed throughout the year in the southern parts of the East Coast, while in the rest of the south beyond the Great Dividing Range, the summers are dry with the bulk of the rainfall occurring in winter.

History

The continent of Australia was first settled more than 40,000 years ago with successive waves of immigration of Aboriginal peoples from south and south-east Asia. With rising sea levels after the last Ice Age, Australia became largely isolated from the rest of the world and the Aboriginal tribes developed a variety of cultures, based on a close spiritual relationship with the land and nature, and extended kinship. Australian Aboriginal people maintained a hunter-gatherer culture for thousands of years in association with a complex artistic and cultural life - including a very rich 'story-telling' tradition. While the 'modern impression' of Australian Aboriginal people is largely built around an image of the 'desert people' who have adapted to some of the harshest conditions on the planet (equivalent to the bushmen of the Kalahari), Australia provided a 'comfortable living' for the bulk of the Aboriginal people among the bountiful flora and fauna on the Australian coast - until the arrival of Europeans.

Although a lucrative Chinese market for shells and bêche de mer (sea cucumber) had encouraged Indonesian fishermen to visit Northern Australia for centuries it was unknown to Europeans until the 1600s, when Dutch traders to Asia began to 'bump' into the North Western Coast. Early Dutch impressions of this extremely harsh, dry country were unfavourable, and Australia remained for them somewhat of a marker sign pointing north to the much richer (and more lucrative) East Indies (modern Indonesia). Deliberate exploration of the Australian coast was then largely taken over by the French and the British. Consequently, place names of bays, headlands and rivers around the coastline reflect a range of Dutch, French, British, and Aboriginal languages.

In 1770, the expedition of the Endeavour under the command of Captain James Cook navigated and charted the east coast of Australia, making first landfall at Botany Bay on 29 April 1770. Cook continued northwards, and before leaving put ashore on Possession Island in the Torres Strait off Cape York on 22 August 1770. Here he formally claimed the eastern coastline he had discovered for the British Crown, naming it New South Wales. Given that Cook's discoveries would lead to the first European settlement of Australia, he is often popularly conceived as its European discoverer, although he had been preceded by more than 160 years.

 
Part of the former Port Arthur convict settlement in Tasmania. The remains of the settlement form part of the 'Australian Convict Sites' entry on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Following the exploration period, the first British settlement in Australia was founded in 1788 at what is today Sydney, led by Captain Arthur Philip who became the first governor of the colony of New South Wales. This started a process of colonisation that almost entirely displaced the Aboriginal people who inhabited the land. This reduced indigenous populations drastically and marginalised them to the fringes of society. Originally comprising the eastern two-thirds of the continent, the colony of New South Wales was later split into several separate colonies, with Tasmania (then known as Van Diemen's Land) becoming a separate colony in 1825, followed by South Australia in 1836, New Zealand in 1841, Victoria in 1851 and Queensland in 1859. On the other hand, the western third of the continent was not settled by Europeans until the British established a naval base in Albany, then known as King George Sound in 1826. The Swan River Colony was formally established in 1829 at what is today Perth. The Swan River Colony was officially renamed Western Australia in 1832.

While Australia began its modern history as a British penal colony, the vast majority of people who came to Australia after 1788 were free settlers, mainly from Britain and Ireland, but also from other European countries. Convict settlements were mostly along the east coast, with scattered pockets of convict settlements in Western Australia. The state of South Australia, on the other hand, was settled entirely by free settlers. Many Asian and Eastern European people also came to Australia in the 1850s, during the Gold Rush that started Australia's first resource boom. Although such diverse immigration diminished greatly during the xenophobic years of the White Australia policy, Australia welcomed a successive series of immigration from Europe, the Mediterranean and later Asia to formulate a highly diverse and multicultural society by the late 20th century.

The system of separate colonies federated to form the self-governing British dominion of Australia in 1901, each colony now becoming a state of Australia, with New Zealand opting out of the federation. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop its agricultural and manufacturing industries and made a large contribution (considering its small size of population) to the Allied war effort in World Wars I and World War II in Europe as part of the British Commonwealth forces. Australia was directly attacked in the Pacific War. Australian troops also made a valuable, if sometimes controversial, contribution to the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the Iraq War. Australian Diggers retain a reputation as some of the hardest fighting troops along with a great social spirit.

Australia and Britain passed the Australia Act in 1986, ending any remnant power the British parliament may have had to pass laws for Australia. The British Queen remains as the head of state with an (Australian) appointed Governor-General as her representative in Australia.

Economy

Australia has a prosperous Western-style capitalist economy, with a per capita GDP with other advanced economies.

The service industries, including tourism, education, and financial services, account for the majority of the Australian Gross Domestic Product – about 69%. Within the service sector, tourism is one of the most important industries in Australia, as it provides employment, contributes $73 billion to the economy each year and accounts for at least 11% of total exports.

Primary industry - mining and agriculture - has accounted for most of Australia's exports in recent decades. Iron Ore and Coal are by far the largest exports, along with wheat, beef and wool. The mining sector is extremely sensitive to global demand for iron ore, with events in the Chinese and Indian economies having direct impacts.

Australia has a comprehensive social security system, and a minimum wage higher than the United States or the United Kingdom. Due to a lack of supply, tradesmen are extremely well-paid in Australia, often more so than white collar professionals.

Politics

 
Parliament House in Canberra

Australia has a federal system of government, with eight state and territory governments and a national government. Laws vary slightly from state to state, but are for the most part fairly uniform.

The national parliament is based on the British Westminster system, with some elements being drawn from the American congressional system. At the federal level it consists of a Senate and a House of Representatives. Each Member of the House of Representatives (colloquially known as a Member of Parliament (MP)) represents an electoral division, with more populous states having more electoral divisions and hence, more MP's. On the other hand, similar to the US Senate, each Australian state has an equal number of senators, with 12 senators being directly elected by the people in each state, and 2 senators each from the Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory. The Prime Minister is head of the national government, and is the leader of the political party (or coalition of parties) which has the most Members in the House of Representatives.

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom is also Queen of Australia and the head of state, and is represented in Australia by the Governor-General. As recently as 1975, the Governor-General was able to dismiss the incumbent government and then-Prime Minister Gough Whitlam, although this proved highly controversial and by convention now rarely exercises powers without ministerial advice. A referendum to change Australia to a republic was defeated in 1999 (the idea to replace the Queen with a political appointee wasn't to the liking of most Australians). Republicanism in Australia remains a regular conversation point, albeit low on the list of real priorities.

State and territory governments are organised similarly to the national government with a state parliament serving as the legislature and the Premier (Chief Minister in the territories) serving as the head of the state government. There is also an additional Governor for each state serving as the Queen's representative in a mostly ceremonial role.

The two major political parties in Australia are the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and the Liberal Party, which operates in coalition with the National Party (referred to as just the "Coalition"). There are smaller parties such as the Greens, as well as independents. The Liberal Party is a centre-right conservative party, with the term liberal referring to a free market economy.

Culture

Australia has a multicultural population practising almost every religion and lifestyle. Over one-quarter of Australians were born outside Australia, and another quarter have at least one foreign-born parent. The most multicultural cities are Melbourne, Brisbane and Sydney. All three cities are renowned for the variety and quality of global foods available in their many restaurants, and Melbourne especially promotes itself as a centre for the arts, while Brisbane promotes itself through various, multicultural urban villages. Adelaide is known for being a centre for festivals as well as German cultural influences, while Perth is known for its food and wine culture, pearls, gems and precious metals as well as the international fringe arts festival. Smaller rural settlements generally still reflect a majority Anglo-Celtic culture often with a small Aboriginal population. However, virtually every large Australian city and town reflects the immigration from Europe, Asia, the Middle East and the Pacific that occurred after World War II and continued into the 1970s; in the half century after the war Australia's population boomed from roughly 7 million to just over 20 million people.

 
Part of Melbourne's China Town

There are approximately half a million Australians who identify as being of Aboriginal descent. Many fewer maintain elements of traditional Aboriginal culture.

Contrary to popular mythology, descendants from convicts are a minority, and even during the years of transportation free settlers outnumbered convict migrants by at least five to one.

Australian English was once known for its colour and colloquialisms but has lost a great deal of this to outside influence, although people in rural areas still tend to speak in a broader accent, using many of the slang words that have become outmoded in metropolitan areas. There is very little provincialism in Australia, although accents tend to be broader and slower outside of the large cities. There are only small pronunciation differences in the cities but these are becoming more common. For example the word "you", which is often rolled off the tongue sharper on the south east coast, almost as "ewe" as opposed to the west coast and other regions. Another modern variation is the presence of Afrikaan accents on the west coast, modifying the local accents slightly due to the high immigration in that area. Like in much of the English speaking world, more educated and/or white-collar Australian accents tend towards being softer or general in tone, rather than sharp, however it is a subtle difference overall and native speakers typically recognise regional variations.

Australians can be socially conservative compared to some European cultures and often have a balanced attitude defining their European origin with their growing Asian influence. They tend to be relaxed in their religious observance. While the Australian sense of egalitarianism has moderated in economic terms, modes of address still tend to be casual and familiar compared to some other cultures. Most Australians will tend to address you by your first name and will expect that you do the same to them.

Holidays

 
Fireworks over Perth to mark Australia Day in 2006

The national holidays in Australia are:

  • 1 January: New Year's Day
  • 26 January: Australia Day, marking the anniversary of the First Fleet's landing in Sydney Cove in 1788.
  • Easter weekend ("Good Friday", "Easter Saturday", "Easter Sunday" and "Easter Monday"): a four day long weekend in March or April set according to the Western Christian dates.
  • 25 April: ANZAC Day (Australia and New Zealand Army Corps), honouring military veterans
  • Second Monday in June: Queen's birthday holiday (celebrated in Western Australia in September, with WA observing Foundation Day a week earlier)
  • 25 December: Christmas Day
  • 26 December: Boxing Day

Many states observe Labour Day, but on different days. Most states have one or two additional state-wide holidays, with Victoria and South Australia having a day off for a horse race (The Melbourne Cup and The Adelaide Cup). Western Australia has Foundation day typically the first Monday in June (recognising the founding of the state since 1829) but also celebrates the Queens Birthday at a different date to the rest of the country, either at the end of September or early October, due to the usual June date is such close proximity to Foundation day.

When a public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday (and Tuesday if necessary) are usually declared holidays in lieu, although both the celebrations and the retail closures will occur on the day itself. Most tourist attractions are closed Christmas Day and Good Friday. Supermarkets and other stores may open for limited hours on some public holidays and on holidays in lieu, but are almost always closed on Christmas Day (25 December), Good Friday, Easter Sunday and ANZAC Day morning.

Peak holiday times

Most attractions in Australia remain open year-round, some operating at a reduced frequency or shorter hours during the off-peak season.

Salaried Australians have four weeks of annual leave and school children in the major population centres have January as a long break. Domestic tourism is strongest during January and the Easter school holidays.

Summer tends to be the peak travel season through much of the south, with the winter (dry) season the peak travel season in the tropics.

Australian teenagers celebrate the end of school at the end of November and early December for the 3 weeks known as schoolies. The volume of teen revellers can completely change the nature of some of the cities and towns they choose to visit, especially coastal towns like Byron Bay in New South Wales, the Gold Coast in Queensland and various localities along the Mornington Peninsula in Victoria.

Time

Australia can have up to five different time zones during the daylight savings period, and three at other times.

 
Time zones in Australia from GMT

In the east, Tasmania, New South Wales and Victoria always have the same time. Queensland doesn't observe daylight saving, so it is an hour behind the other eastern states during that period.

In the centre, South Australia and the Northern Territory are half an hour behind during the winter, but the Northern Territory doesn't observe daylight saving while South Australia does. During daylight saving South Australia remains half an hour behind New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania, but moves half an hour ahead of Queensland. The Northern Territory remains half an hour behind Queensland, but moves an hour and a half behind New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.

In the west, Western Australia is two hours behind the eastern states in winter, and also doesn't observe daylight saving. It moves three hours behind the eastern states that observe daylight saving (remaining two hours behind Queensland).

There are no official abbreviations or names for Australian time zones, and you may see a few variations used. EST, CST, WST along with EDT, CDT are sometimes used. Sometimes AEST, etc., with the 'A' prefix distinguishing them from the North American time zones with the same names. In conversation, the abbreviations aren't used. People tend to say Sydney time, Brisbane time, or Perth time. Expect blank stares from most if you start talking about Central Summer Time.

In those states which observe daylight saving, it commences on the first Sunday in October and ends on the first Sunday in April.

State/Territory Standard Time Daylight Saving Time
Western Australia UTC+8 N/A
South Australia UTC+9.5 UTC+10.5
Northern Territory UTC+9.5 N/A
Queensland UTC+10 N/A
New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania. ACT UTC+10 UTC+11

Power

I plug Chinese.jpg
 
 

As of 2000, the mains supply voltage specified in AS 60038 is 230V with a tolerance of +10% -6% and 50Hz. This was done for voltage harmonisation – however 240V (and less commonly 250V) is within tolerance and is commonly supplied. Mains voltage is still popularly referred to as being "two-forty volts". Bathrooms in hotels will often have a type I, C and A socket marked "for shavers only" as pictured on the right, along with a standard 3 pin (earthed) plug; two pin (the two angled pins) unearthed plugs are also common. Three phase (415V) is also used, for larger appliances.

 

(Thanks to WikiVoyage.org)

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